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Below are additional resources on Apportionment

Fair Representation: Appendix B

Representative Populations and Apportionments for Twenty-Two United States Census,
(right-button click to download)

Notes on Balinski & Young’s “Proposition 3.8”
TTO Supplement Explaining the Proposition stated on Page 175 of Fair Representation.
(right-button click to download)

The House Apportionment Formula in Theory and Practice

CRS Report for Congress; October 10, 2000 (#RL30711):
(right-button click to download)


The House of Representatives Apportionment Formula: An Analysis of Proposals for Change and Their Impact on States
CRS Report for Congress; August 10, 2001 (#RL31074):
(right-button click to download)

Supplement: Alternate Methods for Measuring Equality of District Sizes
TTO Supplemental Analysis of Table 4 (page CRS-20)
(right-button click to download)


Getting the Math Right: Why California Has Too Many Seats in the House of Representatives
Paul H. Edelman, Vanderbilt University Law School Public Law & Legal Theory
March 2006; Volume 59, No. 2 (pages 297-346)
(right-button click to download)

Apportioment Resources on the WWW

Population Base for Apportionment: 1790-2000
Professor Margo J. Anderson's resource page provides a wealth of information:

In particular, provides a spreadsheet containing the population values used for apportionment.

U.S. Census Bureau Congressional Apportionment

Posted 11-July-2008
Web Pamphlet